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Artificial Surfaces

The History of Artificial Turf

The origins of artificial turf lie in the United States of America when in 1960 the Ford Foundation worked with Monsanto, who are a chemical company, to develop synthetic fibres for indoor sports carpets. In 1964, ‘Chemgrass’ was introduced in Providence, Rhode Island. In 1965 the Houston Aerodome was completed and the field area was sown with Bermuda Grass which did not establish very well at all. In 1966 the entire field was covered in ‘Astroturf’. It wasn’t until 1971 that the first development occurred in the UK.

The Construction Process

The construction is divided into two different areas:

  • The Base Works (selection of materials, site analysis & evaluation, layer construction and a programme of works are set out).
  • The Surface Layers (types of artificial turf, infill or no infill and infill materials along with what purpose the artificial surface will be used for).

Site Analysis & Evaluation

The following investigations are required for any artificial turf facility.

  • Nature of the subsoil – texture & structure
  • Load bearing capacity
  • Porosity, water table levels and drainage
  • Liability to lateral or vertical movement
  • Amount of ‘cut & fill’ required
  • Location of underground services
  • Localised load bearing capacities for floodlight towers etc…

There are two main types of construction – the engineered base construction and the dynamic base construction.

The Engineered Base

  • Drainage Pipe
  • Stone Base
  • Base course macadam
  • Wearing course macadam
  • Interplay Shockpad
  • Playrite Artificial carpet

The Dynamic Base

  • Drainage Pipes
  • Geotextile Membrane
  • Stone base
  • Rounded sand/dust
  • Interplay shockpad
  • Playrite Artificial carpet

More to follow….

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Morgan Sports Solutions 2015

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